Bruxism: Causes & Treatments

Have you ever woken up with a sore jaw and face and wondered why? You may have bruxism, an unconscious habit of grinding and clenching your teeth.

Bruxism is a common condition affecting millions worldwide, causing loose teeth, tooth sensitivity, jaw pain, and facial pain. 

The good news is that there are several treatments that can help reduce or eliminate the symptoms of bruxism, such as invisible braces in Dubai.

But what causes bruxism? We will explore the causes and treatments in detail, from psychological factors to medical conditions. Read to learn more about this condition.

Bruxism Causes

Bruxism happens due to many factors, including stress, anxiety, misalignment of the teeth, and even certain medications.

Psychological Factors

Psychological factors may play a role in the development of bruxism.

  • Personality Types

A person’s personality can influence the development of bruxism. Those with more impulsive, aggressive, and perfectionist traits may be at risk of developing this disorder. Additionally, those prone to worrying or having difficulty managing their emotions may be vulnerable to bruxism.

  •  Anxiety and Stress

Anxiety and stress impact our physical and mental health, sometimes leading to disorders such as bruxism. Identify the root causes of stress and anxiety to manage them effectively.

Physical Factors

Physical factors play a role in causing bruxism. Stress and anxiety can result in a person clenching their jaw and grinding their teeth when under pressure. Additionally, poor posture and awkward sleeping positions cause the jaw muscles to become strained and tense, leading to bruxism.

  • Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders can be a difficult and frustrating issue to manage. These conditions can range from insomnia -the inability to fall or stay asleep for long periods- to sleep apnea -when a person stops breathing during sleep.

  • Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMJ)

Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMJ) is a disorder affecting the jaw joint and facial muscles. It can cause pain in the face, jaw, neck, shoulders and even cause headaches. TMJ can be caused by stress, misalignment of the teeth or jaw, or injury to the joint.

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  • Medical Conditions

Medical conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and cerebral palsy can cause bruxism in some individuals. In these cases, teeth grinding is due to a lack of muscle control which causes the muscles to contract involuntarily during sleep.


  • Grinding or clenching your teeth while sleeping.
  • Waking up with a sore jaw, headaches, or facial pain.
  • Wearing down your tooth enamel over time.
  • Damage to your dental fillings or crowns.
  • Developing broken teeth due to the pressure from grinding.


Treatments for bruxism aim to reduce stress or tension in the jaw muscles, reduce grinding and clenching of the teeth, protect them from damage, and restore teeth to their natural position with braces.

Your doctor may suggest lifestyle changes such as reducing stress levels or avoiding hard foods like nuts and ice cubes. They may also recommend mouth guards or splints to be worn while sleeping that help keep the teeth apart and prevent grinding. The dentist can customize them per your needs.

In addition, physical therapy exercises such as massaging the jaw muscles can help relax them and reduce pain. Relaxation techniques such as progressive muscle relaxation can also help manage stress levels that could contribute to bruxism.

Medications like muscle relaxants or anti-anxiety drugs can also help relieve the symptoms when used with other treatments. Talk to your doctor about the best treatment plan for you and ensure you understand all the possible side effects of any medications you take.

Finally, it’s important to keep up with regular dental checkups so your dentist can monitor any tooth damage caused by bruxism. With a combination of treatments, you should find relief from your symptoms and protect your teeth from further damage!